Tsum Valley Trek - Black Diamond Expedition
  • view of himalayas during tsum valley trek
  • Tsum Valley Trek

Tsum Valley Trek

(8 Reviews)
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  • Duration
    Duration:17 Days
  • Accomodation
    Accommodation: 3 Nights (Standard Hotel)
    13 Nights (Lodges/Tea Houses)
  • Meals
    Meals :16 Breakfasts, 13 Lunches
    15 Dinners
  • Location
    Service: Airport to Airport
  • Trip Grade
    Trip Grade :Difficult
  • Max Altitude
    Max Altitude: 5,416m/17,770ft


Tsum Valley Trek is the new and sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley trek opened for foreigner only in 2008. Tsum Valley situated to the North of Gorkha district is beyond Mount Ganesh in Manaslu region. Tsum Valley also called hidden valley is secretly situated between the Himalayas. Tsum valley trek offers trekkers an opportunity to view the spectacular mountains on all direction: Ganesh Himal to the South, Mt. Bauddha and Mount Himal Chuli to the West and Sringi Himal to North. Tsum valley is traditionally rich in culture, religion and sacred arts is inhabited by “Tsumbas” who are heavily Tibetan and practice Bon religion and have their own language. Interesting fact about these tribes is they still adopt polyandry marriage system in which all the brothers from a family marry a single girl.

Tsum valley once remained a part of Tibet is really an unexplored and mysterious area and is very different from any other area of the Himalayan region. The longest mani walls (over 250m) at Dzong and Phurpe, including wonderful monasteries, chortens and kaanis (gateway chortens to village) are scattered in the valley. The valley still preserves the circumbulation the foot steps of the great Buddhist Yogi Chyuchin Milarepa and circumbulation story of Guru Padmasambhava. Some resident of Tsum Valley reported that snow leopard, musk deer and the sign of ‘Yeti’, the abominable Snowman are often seen in Tsum valley. So we may get an opportunity to encounter with rare animals and mysterious Himalayan giant, the Yeti.

Trekking in Tsum Valley starts from Arughat after 7-8 hours drive from Kathmandu and end at the same place. Initially, the Tsum Valley Trekking Trail leads upstream along the Budhi Gandaki River passing through dense forest, terraced farmlands and beautiful settlements. After entering the Tsum Valley, we come across the changes in vegetation from dense subtropical to thin alpine forest, culturally rich and unique villages, beautiful landscapes and scenery. You will not only explore of the historical monasteries such as Mu Gompa, Rachen Gompa and Dhephu Doma Gompa but also walk through the glacier. The visit to the Milarepa (Namkading) cave is itself the reward of Tsum valley Trek.



  • Sacred Himalayan pilgrimage
  • Rich in culture, religion and sacred arts
  • Wonderful monasteries, chortens and kaanis
  • Possibility to encounter with rare animals and mysterious Himalayan giant, the Yeti.
  • Exploration of the historical monasteries
  • Walk through the glacier


Day 1Arrive in Kathmandu

Upon arrival in the Kathmandu Airport (TIA), you will be welcomed and greeted by our representative and then transfer to the hotel. After check in, you can either take rest; hang around in the city as it all depends upon your interests. In the evening, we will organize a Welcome Dinner at an excellent traditional Nepalese restaurant where you will enjoy a Nepalese cultural program as well as a fine meal.
Hotel Encounter Nepal

Meals: Dinner
Max Altitude: 1300m/4264 ft

Day 2Kathmandu: Sightseeing and Trek Preparation

After breakfast, break the day with guided tour to several of the most historical and spiritual attractions of Kathmandu. The first visit is made in Swayambhunath Stupa- oldest stupa situated on the hillock. Enjoy the bird eyes view of Kahtmandu Valley and mountains. After then visit Kahtmandu Durbar Square – Palace of Malla and then Shah King of Nepal. Visit Kumari Ghar (living goddes), Kasthamandap (made up of single tree), Hanuman Dhoka (Gate to enter the palace) and many more temples. Finally visit in Patan Durbar Square- city of fine art and architecture. Visit Krishna Temple, Palace square, Mahabauddha, Mahabihar and many more temples and master piece monuments. Late afternoon, there will be a pre-trip discussion where we can meet our trek leader and other team members. Black Diamond briefs us regarding the trip as well as provides us opportunity to ask any questions we may have regarding our upcoming adventure. Overnight in Kathmandu; Hotel Encounter Nepal.

Meals: Breakfast

Day 3Katmandu to Arughat drive and trek to Arkhet

After breakfast, we drive towards Arughat following the Prithvi Highway (Kathmandu – Pokhara Highway) along the Trishuli River and divert towards Arughat via Gorkha. After 4.5 hours drive, we reach Arughat and then 1 hour trek to Arkhet following beautiful river Budhi Gandaki. Overnight in camp or local lodge.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4Arkhet to Labubesi

Today we walk through the Budhi Gandaki valley passing several villages of the different culture. The trail is little ups and downs. Passing by gorge, some shady sal forests, and few waterfalls we reach the culturally rich Gurung village, the Labubesi village.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5Labubesi to Tatopani

Today is some ups and downs. After breakfast we down to Budhi Gandaki River, walk on the sandy bank and then climb up. We pass through several villages like Machhikhola, Khanibesi, Khorlabesi and finally reach Tatopani. Tatopani means hot water. In Tatopani, there is a natural hot water coming out from the ground. We can take a hot bath in Tatopani and get clean and fresh.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6Tatopani to Philim

Today we enter into the Manaslu restricted area. After breakfast, we walk through the villages and forests. Crossing Dobhan (confluence point of two rivers) we reach the Yaruphant from where we can see the open view of huge high hills and beautiful scenery. Crossing the Yaru Khola some ups and downs walk bring us to the tiny beautiful Gurung village Jagat where tax is collected on Tibetan trade. Walking along Budhi Gandaki River and climb over a rocky ridge to Salleri with views of Sringi Himal (7187m) then descend to Sirdibas (1430m) where we see the first signs of Buddhist culture. From there crossing the Nepal’s longest suspension bridge we climb continuously till the Philim village. We go entry the permits in check post in Philim.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7Philim to Chumling

After breakfast, we start ascend and around 1 hour we reach Ekle Bhatti means alone teashop and after another one hour we get to see the big and beautiful waterfall. Then passing spectacular gorge and pine forest, we reach Gum Pul. Just above Gum Pul there are two ways to Ghap and Tsum Valley. We follow the right side trail to Tsum Valley. Passing through pine and rhododendron forest, crossing rivers, exploring culturally rich villages, enjoying beautiful landscapes and view of Mt. Himalchuli (7893m) and Boudha Himal, following zigzag and steep path we enter into Tsum Valley. Passing by Gumlung village and crossing Siyar Khola, finally we reach Chumling, from where we can see Shringi Himal and explore the village visiting old Chumling Gompa, the traditional houses, orchards, clinic and beautiful stone streets.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8Chumling to Chhokang-Paro

Today is an easy day. We trek ahead crossing the suspension bridge and through the forest. Enjoy the great view of Ganesh Himal. Again crossing a long suspension bridge, we reach Ripchet village. Passing by Gho village and crossing the Serpu Khola, continuous climb for 2 hours to upper Tsum takes us to Chhokang-Paro. If the weather is clear we can see the superb view of Himalchuli (7893m) and Ganesh Himal (7140m).

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9Chhokang-Paro to Nile

Morning is easy, take time to explore the village. We climb north to the retreat where Lama Kongchog died after 26 years of meditation. His reincarnation, found in the village, was amazing (can see the DVD Unmistaken Child, available in Kathmandu).passing by small villages, local school, crossing rope suspension bridge and Lamagaon we reach Rachen Gompa. This Nunnery is the female equivalent of the Kopan Monastery in Kathmandu. Crossing the Shiyar Khola, passing through the well managed villages Lar, Phurbe and Pangdun, leaving old historic stupa, we reach the larger village of Chhule. We walk upstream crossing the bridge and finally reach at Nile.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10Nile to Mu Gompa

We walk to the west bank of the valley. We climb through dry landscapes passing rows of chortons and viewing great mountains finally reach Mu Gompa. It is the largest and an ancient gompa in the region with over 100 monks. It is highest and most remote part of the Tsum Valley. We also visit the isolated 600 year-old Dhephu Doma Gompa (3900m) is 30-45mins uphill on the obvious westward track and has two resident nuns who report seeing snow leopards and musk deer. We are near to Tibetan border. On three sides now are tantalizing views of the border, with frequently used passes to the east (Ngula Dhojyang or Mailatasachin Pass, 5093m) and west (Thapla Bhanjyang, 5104m) just out of sight.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11Mu Gompa to Burgi Village via Milarepa cave

Today we leave Mu Gompa quite earlier since we have to visit Milarepa cave. We trek back through Chhule and Phurbe, following the Shair khola and finally arrive in Burgi Village. We climb up to Milare cave (local name Piren Phu) where famous Saint Milarepa had resided and meditated. From cave we can look out over the stunning mountains spreading before us, and get tantalizing view of Churke Himal, Kipu Himal and the Poshyop Glacier.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12Burgi village -Chumling

As we head downwards today the surrounding scenery becomes notably more verdant. We pass through Chhokan Paro, through Gho and pass over the Sarpu Khola River to arrive in the lower part of the Tsum Valley. Trekking along the lower Tsum Valley, generally flat trail brings us to Chumling.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Max Altitude: 2,386/7,827ft
Trek Duration: 6-7 hrs

Day 13Chumling to Philim

Today is easy trail. We descend to Lokpa and take lunch. After then the trail is pleasurably flat till Philim village. On the way we pass through beautiful water fall, called Samba Falls. From Philim there is a way to Ganesh Himal Base Camp.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Max Altitude: 1,570m/5,103ft
Trek Duration: 6-7 hrs

Day 14Philim to Khorlabesi

Today we can feel the change of climate from alpine cold to temperate hot and arid Tibetan land to subtropical green vegetation. After breakfast we descend down passing many villages -Sirdibas, Jagat, Yaruphant. We stop at Tatopani and relax the tired muscles by soaking ourselves in the hot spring. We then continue to Khorlabesi.

Meals:Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Trek Duration: 6-7 hrs

Day 15Khorlabesi to Soti Khola

After breakfast we walk through the rocky narrow valley along the Tharo Khola. We head down following the water way to Machha Khola and then following Budi Gandaki River reach Gurung village of Labubesi. Ahead we pass by the two waterfalls and reach Khursane. Walking alone the ridge above Budhi Gandaki and then descending through the sal forest, finally we arrive at Soti Khola.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Max Altitude: 700m/2,296ft
Trek Duration: 6-7 hrs

Day 16Soti Khola to Arughat to Kathmandu

Today is a long day. We have to walk for 4 hours to reach Arughat and then we drive 7-8 hours to reach Kathmandu. We start trek quite earlier climbing up to the ridge of Kyorpani and then down to the Arkhet passing the waterfall. Crossing the Arkhet Khola, leaving the Budhi Gandaki Valley we reach at Sante Bazaar. Finally following the stone street, passing by hydroelectric plant we arrive at Arughat Bazaar where we board our transport and drive back to Kathmandu along Marshyandgi River and Trishuli River. We reach Kathmandu in the evening. Relax in hotel and in late evening we celebrate the farewell dinner together for successful completion of Tsum Valley Trek.

Meals: Breakfast, Dinner
Max Altitude: 600m/1,968ft
Trek Duration: 4 hrs

Day 17Departure from Kathmandu

After breakfast you are free till departure time. If you have more time you can do shopping or sightseeing around Kathmandu. Approximately 3 hours before your scheduled flight, a representative from Black Diamond drops you to the airport.

Meals: Breakfast


  • All transfers, sightseeing, airport pick up and drop by private vehicle
  • Kathmandu to Arughat to Kathmandu by private vehicle
  • 3 nights accommodation in Kathmandu with breakfast (Hotel Encounter Nepal- www.encounternepal.com or Hotel Norbu Linka- www.hotelnorbulinka.com) or similar 3-star hotel as per availability.
  • 13 nights in standard Teahouse/Lodges in mountain
  • Entrance fees in the monuments
  • Welcome dinner in Nepalese Restaurant with cultural show
  • Farewell dinner
  • All meals during the trek (breakfast, lunch and dinner)
  • An experienced guide, porters (1 porter for 2 people) during trek
  • Salary, insurance, equipments, transportation, food and lodge for the guide and porter
  • Down jacket, four seasonal sleeping bag, duffel bag and trekking map (down jacket and sleeping bag are need to be returned after trek)
  • All necessary paper work and permits
  • A comprehensive medical kit
  • All government and local taxes


  • International airfare
  • Nepal Visa fee
  • Travel and rescue insurance
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
  • Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, battery recharge, extra porters, bottle or boiled water, shower etc)
  • All kind of drinks
  • Extra night accommodation than the scheduled itinerary
  • Tips for guides, porters and driver


Upon arrival in Kathmandu, your stay will be arranged at Hotel Encounter Nepal or an equivalent top-tier accommodation. As you commence your trek, you will be staying in standard teahouses/lodges. Most teahouses or lodges serve rooms on a twin-sharing basis with an attached bathroom and hot shower facilities. Single-supplement rooms are served with an extra charge of USD 495. You may have to share a bathroom and toilets in the teahouses in this trekking region in both lower and higher elevations. In spite of that, we will always make sure to book you the best possible accommodation at Tsum Valley Trek.


Your meal plan in Kathmandu includes breakfast, providing the perfect start to each day. During the trek, you will be served a  three-course meal. At the teahouses where we spend an overnight during the trek, you will be served a balanced and nourishing breakfast and dinner. For Lunch, we will stop at one of the teahouses along the way to our next destination. Black Diamond has also arranged a special Welcome and Farewell dinner for our guests. This will be accompanied by a captivating cultural performance, providing you with a memorable and delightful experience. 

Best time to trek Tsum Valley

The best time to trek the Tsum Valley is Autumn (September to November) and Spring (March to May). These seasons offer the most favorable weather and trekking conditions with moderate temperatures, clear skies, and mesmerizing natural scenery. During the month of March to May, it offers stunning views of the Himal Chuli and Ganesh Himal. Trekkers can also enjoy the view of natural beauty such as blooming rhododendron, and blooming landscapes. 

Packing list for Tsum Valley trek

While trekking Tsum valley, it is essential to pack necessary items wisely. You should be sure not to overpack the stuff because you will be trekking through the rough terrain in high altitude areas and it will be difficult for yourself to carry all the stuff and trek. So you should be careful and clever to pack only the necessary items. Some of the essential items that you should pack includes:

  • Sun hat & sunglasses
  • Base layer
  • Insulating layer
  • Gloves
  • Trekking poles
  • Trekking Boots

For a detailed list of what to pack, check out our comprehensive  Tsum valley trek packing list.

8 Reviews
Sort By:RatingDate

Aurora Walker

Solo Traveller

I had an incredible time doing this trip. Thanks to Black Diamond Expedition Team for ths incredible experience

November 23, 2024

Camille Laurent

Group Traveller

Its really worth doing. I highly recommend it to all. Had a great time thanks to Black Diamond Expedition team

November 15, 2024

Mason Turner

Group Traveller

Doing the Tsum Valley Trek was a deeply rewarding journey, blending cultural immersion and natural marvels. From the warm welcome at Hotel Encounter Nepal to the insightful Kathmandu sightseeing and preparation day, the trek unfolded seamlessly. Highlights included the scenic drive to Arughat, the cultural richness of Labubesi, and the relaxation at Tatopani’s hot springs. The entry into the Manaslu restricted area revealed captivating landscapes and cultural gems in Philim. Trekking to Chumling offered stunning views, while the spiritual depth at Rachen Gompa and Mu Gompa added a profound touch. Visits to Milarepa cave and Burgi Village were memorable, and the descent to Chumling showcased diverse landscapes. The trek’s conclusion with a farewell dinner in Kathmandu marked the successful completion of this Himalayan journy, leaving me with cherished memories of a truly enriching adventure.

October 9, 2023

Raphael Giraud

Solo Traveller

Thank you Black Diamond Expedition for this incredible trek. Special thanks to guide Ram for his guidance through the whole trek

September 28, 2023

Eli Turner

Solo Traveller

I really had a great time, and I highly recommend it to all. This trip is definitely gonna be a memorable one.

September 19, 2023
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